Thursday, September 26, 2013

Dear readers,

Are you missing our new articles? Would you like to read more of our stories? Or travel along with our road trips?

Do not worry we didn't stop with the LandmarkScout site, we just evolved.

Lets reunite at;

See you back soon..

The Scouts

Thursday, January 12, 2012

sWS Schwerer Wehrmachtschlepper / Gerät 71

sWS - Schwerer Wehrmachtschlepper or Gerät 71, Liberty Park Overloon

sWS - Schwerer Wehrmachtschlepper or Gerät 71.

On 7 may 1942 Hitler ordered that a simplified version of the halftrack should be developed, to replace the 5 ton Sd.Kfz. 6. The Sd.Kfz. 6 was to be discontinued.

Büssing-Nag was entrusted with the order to fill in the gap.
The first prototypes were shown at the spring of 1943.
The sWS went into production at the Büssing-Nag plant in Berlin and at the Ringhofer Tatra plant in Czechoslovakia

Production started in December 1943. They were ordered at a rate of 150 per month, in 1943 only 5 sWS were delivered.
In December 1943 production commenced, and up till September 1944 only 381 vehicles had been delivered. In total 825 were completed by March 1945, of the 7484 ordered.
The sWS power plant is a Maybach HL 42TRKMS water-cooled V-6 gasoline engine with 76,4 kW (100 pk), it can reach a distance of 300km with 240 litres of fuel. It’s payload capacity is 4000kg.

Saturday, December 31, 2011

Panzerkampfwagen I ausf A - Sd.Kfz. 101

Panzerkampfwagen I ausf A - Sd Kfz 101
The treaty of Versailles prevented Germany from possessing armoured vehicles or tanks.
Germany, in all secrecy, did produce 15 types I tank hulls without superstructures in 1933.
They named it; "agricultural tractor" to disguise its purpose.

In 1934 they build the complete mark I, type A, armoured machine gun tank.
It was the first German tank that was mass produced. The Krupp company received the first order to build 135 mark I tanks.

The Panzerkampfwagen I had the same hull as his predecessor, only this time it did carried a superstructure.
It carried two machine guns that where coaxial mounted. It had five visions ports for the two crewmembers in the superstructure, and six in the turret.

At first the air cooled engine overheated rapidly, so they produced an airscoop in the rear deck, including two scoops to deflect the exhaust air.

The Panzerkampfwagen I saw extensive action in Poland, Belgium and France. They took part in the invasion of Norway and Denmark.
As tank it was obsolete at the start of the war, being a gun carrier instead of tank, it last action was in 1941 in Finland and North Africa.

Sunday, December 25, 2011

Panzerkampfwagen II ausf A - Sd.Kfz. 121

Panzerkampfwagen II  ausf A Turret - Sd Kfz 121
Panzerkampfwagen II  ausf A Turret - Sd Kfz 121
The Panzerkampfwagen II was an improvement on the Panzerkampfwagen II. It carried, next to a machine gun, a 2cm automatic weapon capable of firing a high explosive round and an armour piercing round.

It had a short design period; it had to be a tank in the 10 ton class and was developed from July 1934 to October 1935. Because they still had to work out problems of the teething, they ordered 25 instead of the usual 2 or 3 prototypes.

 In the testing period they changed the rear idler, tried out a fire proof engine compartment and made adjustments for the fuel and oils pumps.
A bigger radiator helped with better cooling and they replaced springs for the suspension.

The first panzerkampfwagen II in service was in 1936. They carried out a roll of tank vs. tank combat and kept this status throughout the Polish campaign.
From hereafter they had a reconnaissance and exploitation role.

Saturday, December 24, 2011

Panzerkampfwagen III ausf J - Sd.Kfz. 141

Panzerkampfwagen III ausf M - Sd Kfz 141/1 - Panzermuseum Munster
Panzerkampfwagen III ausf M - Sd Kfz 141/1 - Panzermuseum Munster
The development of the panzerkampfwagen III started back in 1935. Daimler Benz produced 10 vehicles of 15 ton with a 3,7cm gun in the turret.

In 1937 the Panzerkampfwagen III version A (Ausfuhrung A) went into production.
They added a third machinegun. Next to the two coaxial guns in the turret a third was at the disposal of the radio operator in the hull.

The machine was powered by a V12 gasoline engine with a 5 speed gearbox.

The 15mm armour was designed to withstand armour piercing rounds form rifles or small calibre machine guns only.
The need for a better armed and armoured machine was evident, especially when Russia was invaded.
The encounter of the KV1 and the T34 made tank warfare improve rapidly.

Friday, December 23, 2011

Panzerkampfwagen IV ausf J - Sd.Kfz. 161

Panzerkampfwagen IV ausf G - Sd Kfz 161/1
The Panzerkampfwagen mark IV was the workhorse of the Wehrmacht.

It was the first panzer in the 20 ton class and production started in 1937.
It was the first German panzer to have an electric controlled turret, with exception of the "J" version.

The main gun was upgraded to a 7,5cm KwK37 L/24 in the first versions (Ausfurung / Type A till F) which was a short barrel gun.

The initial purpose of the Panzerkampfwagen IV was infantry support, over the years the mark IV got other roles, like tankhunter.

The panzerkampfwagen IV was powered by a 12 cylinder gasoline engine and a five speed transmission. An auxiliary engine was installed to power a generator for the electric turret traverse.

Besides the main gun there were 2 machineguns MG43, one coaxial in the turret and one in the hull with the radio operator. The "A" version had armour of 15mm thick!! Only to withstand small arms fire and shell fragment protection. As said before, it was developed as infantry support weapon.

Thursday, December 22, 2011

Panzerkampfwagen V ausf G - Sd.Kfz. 171 - Panther

Panzerkampfwagen V ausf D  - Sd.Kfz. 171
Panzerkampfwagen V, Sd.Kfz.171 is much better known as "The "Panther”.
Its origin started back in 1941, when the Wehrmacht was unpleasantly surprised by the T34 while invading Russia.

Besides its great speed the T34 could muster on the fields, due to the American invented Christy suspension.
The T34 had sloping armour which gave it double the thickness of armour compared to the straight up placed armour which was usual with the Panzerkampfwagens I, II, III, IV and VI (Tiger-I). 

The development of the Panther started after the development of the Tiger tank. The Panzerkampfwagen VI (the Tiger) entered service earlier than Panzerkampfwagen V ( the Panther). Plans for the Tiger started way back in 1937, the order for construction came in may 1941. The development of the Panther started in December 1942 after the T34 had been studied thoroughly.  The tank had to be in the 30 ton class, a medium tank. Two companies, M.A.N. & Daimler-Benz (Mercedes nowadays) received  the order for the development of the Panzerkampfwagen V. Hitler was under the impression that the Daimler-Benz company would create the better panzer, but after seeing the blueprints of both companies he gave the order of the first 250 Panthers to M.A.N. (Machinenfabrik Augsburg – Nürnberg).

Wednesday, December 21, 2011

Panzerkampfwagen VI ausf E - Sd.Kfz. 181 - Tiger

Panzerkampfwagen VI Sd.Kfz. 181 Tiger in Vimoutiers

Panzerkampfwagen VI, Sd.Kfz. 181 much better known as the mighty Tiger.
The story of the Tiger start a little different than other the other panzers.

In times of the Spanish civil war, Hitler declared he supported Franco, the leader of the Spanish Nationalists.
Without provoking an all-out war, he sends Luftwaffe, Panzer and Heer (army) forces and material as volunteers to aid Franco.

This so called, "Condor Legion" fought in Spain from 1936 till 1939, and develop warfare tactics later used in the Second World War, and tested their materials during this brutal war.
The Condor Legion discovered that the 8.8cm (eighty eight) FlaK gun was an excellent anti aircraft gun as well as a formidable tank killer. This capacity would be confirmed during the French campaign, and most spectacularly in the hands of Rommel's Africa Korps in the desert of North Africa.

Tuesday, December 20, 2011

Panzerkampfwagen VI ausf B - Sd.Kfz. 182 - Königstiger

The Königstiger of Kingtiger was the biggest and latest production tank of the German Whermacht.

Even if it carried the name Tiger type VI auf B, or as some say Tiger II, it had more comparison with the Panther than the Tiger I.

As with the Panther the design was made during the war, and similar as the Panther it had sloped armour.

The Königstiger carried the heaviest type of the 88mm gun, The KwK 43 L/71.

In January 1943 the order was given to develop a new Panzerkampfwagen with a turret large enough to mount the 8.8cm KwK43 L/71. This was not achieved by the Tiger I. The armour thickness up front had to be 150mm, the side had to remain the 80mm as with the Tiger I.
On 20 October 1943 a huge wooden mock-up was displayed.
The Tiger II had two types of turret. One, produced by Porsche had a curved turret, it was chosen as gun mount for the new King Tiger. On December 6th, 1943 it was rejected due to its shot-trap. The curved turret captured the projectile and leads it between the turret and the hull.